READING CONCORDANCES

 

This book is by John Sinclair, published in September 2003 by Longman.  It is a book of tasks that introduce the user to simple and reliable ways of extracting information about language from a corpus.  The tasks all concern current English, and are presented in a detailed, step-by-step format, with a discursive Key to each task that gives guidance on how it can be done. 

 

The data in the book is contained in 43 files, mostly in KWIC concordance format.  The files are printed in the book, and the web page that follows offers an electronic version of them that is much more flexible, and allows you to examine the files from various perspectives, to sort the lines and omit some when they become irrelevant to the argument. 

 

We hope that using this facility will enhance your appreciation of the book and its purpose.

 

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This web page contains the datafiles that are printed in the book 'Reading Concordances'.  This electronic version allows you to study them independently of their position in the book, and with the associated software to process them in various ways. 

 

The files are given as plain text files, and they are not intended to be used in that format.  They have to be reformatted by one of the several available concordancing packages, and we recommend that you use ConcApp, implemented by Chris Greaves, which is available free of charge. You can download ConcApp from its official website: www.edict.com.hk.

 

The procedure we recommend is as follows:

1. Download ConcApp

2  Download one of the files below

               (a) click on the link using the right mouse button

               (b) move the cursor down to 'Save Target As'

               (c) follow the instructions that appear

3. Open your file in ConcApp in the normal way (click on "file" and then "open")

4. Make a concordance using "search" and the keyword of the file.

5 Use the facilities of ConcApp to edit, sort and process the concordance.

 

I am grateful to Chris Greaves for allowing his excellent software to be associated with this service.

 

Level 1

 

Task 1 How meanings are shown 3

Theme: meaning distinction

Word/phrase: block

Datafile:

01_block.txt

 

Task 2 Underlying regularity 9

Theme: regularity and variation

Word/phrase: gamut

Datafiles:

02_gamut1.txt

02_gamut2.txt

 

Task 3 Words as liabilities 17

Theme: semantic prosody

Word/phrase: regime

Datafiles:

03_regime.txt

03_regime_colls.txt

 

Task 4 Literal and metaphorical 23

Theme: meaning in phrases

Word/phrase: free hand

Datafile:

04_freehand.txt

 

 

Task 5 Meaning focus 31

Theme: co-selection

Word/phrase: physical

Datafile:

05_physical1.txt

05_physical2.txt

05_personal.txt

 

 

Level 2

 

Task 6 Specialised meaning 43

Theme: lexical item

Word/phrase: brook

Datafile:

06_brook.txt

 

Task 7 Subtle distinctions 51

Theme: meaning in phrases

Word/phrase: best thing

Datafile:

07_bestthing.txt

 

 

Task 8 Meaning flavour 57

Theme: co-selection

Word/phrase: incur

Datafile:

08_incur.txt

                              

Task 9 Extensions of grammar 63

Theme: grammar and lexis

Word/phrase: borders on

Datafile:

09_rich.txt

09_halt.txt

09_borderson.txt

09_lemma.txt

 

 

Task 10 Meaning and cotext 73

Theme: meaning in proximity

Word/phrase: lap

Datafiles:

10_lap.txt

10_lastlap.txt

 

Level 3

 

Task 11 Words difficult to define 83

Theme: lexical item

Word/phrase: budge

Datafile:

11_budge.txt

 

Task 12 Ad hoc meaning 91

Theme: meaning in proximity

Word/phrase: veritable

Datafiles:

12_veritable1.txt

12_veritable_colls.txt

12_veritable2.txt

12_veritable3.txt

 

Task 13 Grammatical frames 105

Theme: regularity and variation

Word/phrase: about as

Datafiles:

13_asas.txt

13_aboutasas.txt

13_aboutasusefulas.txt

 

Task 14 Hidden meanings 117

Theme: semantic prosody

Word/phrase: happen

Datafiles:

14_happen.txt

14_happento.txt

14_happentobe.txt

 

Level 4

 

Task 15 Closely related meanings 129

Theme: meaning distinction

Word/phrase: manage

Datafiles:

15_manage1.txt

15_manageit.txt

15_manage2.txt

 

Task 16 One and one is not exactly two 141

Theme: lexical item

Word/phrase: true feelings

Datafiles:

16_truefeelings1.txt

16_truefeelings2.txt

 

Task 17 Common words 153

Theme: meaning in phrases

Word/phrase: place

Datafiles:

17_place1.txt

17_place2.txt

17_place3.txt

17_tomyplace.txt

17_theplace.txt

 

Task 18 Singular and plural 167

Theme: grammar and lexis

Word/phrase: eye/clock

Datafiles:

18_clock_colls.txt

18_clocks_colls.txt

18_eye_colls.txt

18_eyes_colls.txt